Historical Background


The organization was founded as Kuapa Kokoo Limited in 1993 by a group of cocoa farmers supported by Twin Trading, a UK alternative trade organization, and SNV, the Netherlands Development Organization. This was in response to the partial liberalization of the cocoa industry in Ghana in which the structure was changed from a single government-controlled cocoa purchasing entity to a system in which private companies could take on the role of licensed cocoa buyers. Nana Yaw Frimpong Abebrese, a farmer representative on the Board of the then Ghana Cocoa Marketing Company, gained the support of TWIN, SNV, and Christian Aid and mobilized other farmers to register Kuapa Kokoo Limited.

TWIN a British NGO with the experience gained working with Latin American coffee farmers thought of helping cocoa farmers in Ghana to form a Cooperative upon Ghana liberalizing the internal marketing of cocoa. The aim was for the farmers to benefit from the liberalization. TWIN represented by Pauline Tiffen and Richard Day travelled to Ghana and were advised to contact Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD).

Upon contacting COCOBOD, officials of COCOBOD linked the TWIN representatives to Nana Frimpong Abebrese of blessed memory who was the farmer’s representative on COCOBOD Board of Directors during that time. Nana Abebrese then took up the task of helping the establishment of the farmers’ Cooperative with the support and funding of the TWIN representatives. The TWIN representatives then left the formation of the Cooperative to Nana Frimpong Abebrese and returned to UK.

Nana Frimpong Abebrese during the 1993 main crop season set up the organization and furthermore got farmers to agree to form a Union to start operation. He quickly formed Kuapa Kokoo Limited and since he needed to have shareholders to form the company decided to have farmers as shareholders.

Hailing from Akomadan in Ashanti region, he went to Akomadan and invited known cocoa farmers from Akomadan operating in Ashanti and other regions, since COCOBOD required that an LBC operate in not less than (3) three cocoa regions to qualify for the license at that time. The first shareholders were:

  • Nana Frimpong Abebrese - Ashanti
  • Opanin Abdulai Kwarteng - Ashanti
  • Opanin Acquah - Ashanti
  • Nana Osei Yaw Akoto - Brong Ahafo
  • Opanin Kwaku Bio – Western

Kuapa Kokoo is a registered cocoa farmer cooperative union and owns a licensed buying company called Kuapa Kokoo Limited (KKL).